Monthly Archives: August 2016

World Elephant Day: 12 August 2016


#WorldElephantDay on social media to spread awareness (www.worldelephantday.org).

Common Elephant Facts:

  • It is thought that there used to be approximately 350 different species of elephant on the planet, at one time.
  • Today there are only two species left; the Asian elephant, and the African elephant .
  • Wild lifespan of 60-70 years; captive lifespan of below 40 years.
  • Gestation (pregnancy): 22 months.
  • Live together in (familial) herds of 10-100 elephants, led by the matriarch.
  • Young males will leave the family heard, and often form smaller bachelor groups, once sexual maturity is reached.
  • Known to visit ‘elephant graveyards’ and mourn the death of herd members.
  • Their trunk is used like a finger/hand – to grab things, such as food or to move obstacles out of their way; as well as sometimes being used to hold onto the tail of the elephant in front during walkies!
African_elephant_(Loxodonta_africana)_reaching_up_1
African Elephant – using trunk to get food (Open Source Google Image)

Asian Elephant Facts:

  • also known as the Indian elephant.
  • smaller in size than the African, weighing up to 5 tonnes, reaching 6.4 metres in length, and 3 metres in height.
  • small ears, straight at the bottom.
  • only males have tusks; not all males get tusks.
  • five toes on the front feet; four toes on the back feet.
  • estimated to be less than 50,000 remaining in the wild – classification: endangered.
Asian Elephant (Open Source Google Image)
Asian Elephant (Open Source Google Image)

African elephants:

  • larger of the two elephant species, weighing up to 6 tonnes, reaching 7.5 metres in length, and 3.3 metres in height.
  • large, round edged ears; used as fans in the heat (plus excess heat is released from the large surface area).
  • of the African, there are two subspecies; bush or savanna and forest.
  • both males and females have tusks.
  • African elephants are left or right-tusked (like we are left or right-handed); the dominant tusk is often smaller due to wear and tear.
  • five front toes; three hind toes.
  • estimated to be 470,000 remaining in the wild – classification: vulnerable.
African Elephant (Open Source Google Image)
African Elephant (Open Source Google Image)